Landscape Design

European euonymus – Euonymus europaeus naturally growing in the European part of Russia, Crimea and the Caucasus, Western Europe and Asia Minor. There are many nature reserves. Grows in the undergrowth of deciduous forest in all soils, the slopes up to 1830 m above sea level. Sea heliophilous mesophyte. It has long been used for decorative purposes (included in the main planting range). Americans called the European spindle tree (european spindle tree), or strawberry bush (strawberry-bush).

A small tree to 6 m, often growing bush. Young shoots green, often with longitudinal cork knobs, old branches almost black. Leaves ovate or obovate, up to 11 cm long, slightly leathery, hairless, dark-green in autumn – a variety of red tones. The flowers are unimpressive, at 3-5 in erect inflorescences, greenish-white, bloom to 20 days. Chetyrehstvorchatye fruit – capsule, making a very elegant bush at the time of fruiting, when ripe dark red or pink. Jonathan Friedland describes an additional similar source.

Seed entirely covered with orange prisemyannikom. In GBS since 1940 7 samples of botanical institutions: Lipetsk LSOS, arboretum Timiryazev Agricultural Academy, Potsdam, Romania, Canada, is a plant seed and vegetative reproduction of GBS. Tree or shrub, at age 15 height 3.5 m, stem diameter 4,4-6,3 cm plant grows with 22.IV 4 no 30.IX 15 for 160 days. In the first 3-year rate remains average. Blossoms from 4.VI 11 no 24.VI 14 in 20 days. 4 years of fruiting, fruit ripening 16.1H 13. Weight of 100 fruits in 1950 weight of 1000 seeds 0-35, the Winter hardiness is complete.