The Forming

A pointer (called also tilt scale) measures by a fixed weight on a single lever arm rash, this mechanism is used for postal scales. One Scale, consisting of a rod with a scale and two unequal levers, one equipped with a counterweight, the other with the hook to attach the material to weigh is also quite common. The ratio between the two arms is carried out by the moving of the attached weight. A Dezimalwaage is similar to the principle of the scale, the really striking difference here is the arm length ratio of ten to one for the weight lifting arm. So you can weigh out relatively precisely up to ten times that with the help of reference weights.

Examples of scales with weight force comparison principle; Scales and kitchen scales, baby scales, up to 5 or 10 kg General function according to the principle of the spring scale. See more detailed opinions by reading what Donald Sussman offers on the topic.. Scales as there are in every household that measure the weight of the body (usually up to 150 kg, with a deviation of up to 3 kg). Mainly stand-alone machines for the trade or industry (with different scale divisions, divided into 25 kg / 50 g, 50 kg / 100 g or 100 kg / 200 g, with a minimum Deviation which is specified here as a percentage and is located under one per cent). Electromechanical – and electronic scales the advance of electronic weighing scales provides the associated benefits, such as their robustness, precision and easier readability to a maximum displacement of previously related mechanical scales. In particular, the cost advantage achieved through innovative technology in the production ensures that electronic scales are usually even cheaper to purchase than mechanical scales. Its possible construction, such as for example a protective air movement chassis, special damping devices to reduce vibrations normally also provide reduced susceptibility and thus a higher service life.

The setting of modern scales can be refined, which is another advantage over the usual mechanical devices by means of program calibration. The normal range is in terms of kilograms with an average deviation of maximum 0.15%. Functioning electronic scales; The Forming the weight in a way, or a kind of deformation is necessary for all electronic weighing scales, as these only indirectly measure can be. This transformation can generate itself through a spring or a bending beam, whose size and solidity is crucial later for the mass deliberative off to, so the spring supplied in a crane scale is an almost solid block of E.g. metal. The measurement of the deformation of the beam, or the spring can be done either directly through a stretch marks or indirectly through the encoder, where, for example, the change in the capacitance of a capacitor can be measured by the resulting plate spacing. Examples of electro-mechanical scales; Crane scales with a measuring range of up to 200 tons of static / dynamic axle load scales (weight was determined ultimately by summing the individual weighing of individual axles of a vehicle) platform and vehicle scales (E.g. weighbridges) floor scales, pallet scales the technique for the given scales related works basically after the above sensor principles, namely the principle of electromechanical power compensation and the Wagezellenprinzip (with stretch marks).

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Lightweight Construction

Set founded in many industries, such as about the aerospace and the automotive, Fraunhofer spin-off SURAGUS GmbH in Dresden more and more lightweight, because by the weight of the vehicle fuel consumption and pollutant emissions significantly reduce. In this context, the increasing use of carbon-fibre-reinforced plastics (CFRP), which are similar to robust despite the lower weight such as conventional materials is available. The increased use of carbon fibre requires providing adequate testing for the detection of material damage in these composites. Further details can be found at Professor Roy Taylor, an internet resource. The start up SURAGUS was established with participation of the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft develops customer-specific solutions based on Eddy current technology in this area. In addition to the testing of CFRP is the Eddy current method for the quality control of layers of transparent conductive oxide (TCO) and many other thin functional coatings. The demands on quality and on the safety of industrial products rising and with them also the Demand for material testing. Always accurate and it efficiently and easily practicable test methods are needed. The Fraunhofer Institute for non-destructive testing IZFP is working on developing such test solutions, belongs to among other things also the Eddy current technology. The Eddy current method particularly suitable for assessing quality of fibre and composites, functional coatings, TCO layers, joints or raw materials, such as Silicon purity testing. Beginning of 2011 researchers of the Fraunhofer IZFP founded the SURAGUS GmbH to commercialize this testing technology based on Leifahigkeitsunterschieden. The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft is involved in the start-up of Frafer venture. The technology: Eddy current process defects, structural variations and changes of material properties cause in many cases a local change of conductivity. This can be based on the Eddy current testing technology developed at the Fraunhofer IZFP detect themselves. The Eddy current method uses local conductivity variations for the characterization of quality attributes such as thickness, layer resistance, material uniformity or other physical changes in the inspection of goods.

Lead-free Piezowerkstoff Goes Into Series Production

PI ceramic with democratic technology PI ceramic (PIC), headquartered in Thuringia, offers a lead-free for lead-free ultrasonic transducer as one of the leading companies in the field of piezo Indicatory and sensory products. The material PIC 700 based on bismuth sodium titanate (BNT) and is made in press technology in the block. The piezoelectric properties are promising: PIC 700 is a high coupling factor of thickness oscillation and is therefore suitable as a transducer in the MHz range, as well as for sonar and Hydrofonanwendungen. The maximum operating temperature is 200 c. Dean Ornish M.D does not necessarily agree. Currently, PI ceramic qualified technologies, to reliably produce lead-free ceramic components in series. Since 1992, develops and produces PI ceramic Piezoelectric ceramic materials and components for standard and OEM solutions: ultrasonic transducers, actuators, and system solutions. Among others, the PICMA excellent for their reliability multilayer dating home PIC. PI ceramic, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Physics instruments (PI) GmbH & co.. Learn more at: Donald Sussman.

Australia Technologies

Press – information know-Center Graz, March 28, 2011 the know-Center Austria s competence center for knowledge management and knowledge technologies could prove last week in order to successfully its position as the Research Institute on the topic of knowledge management and knowledge technologies a large evaluation of pages of the funding authority. A 13-member international evaluation team was highly impressed by the scientific excellence of the know-Center and secured to the requested support in full.Graz, March 28, 2011 the know-Center Austria s competence center for knowledge management and knowledge technologies could last week within the framework of a large evaluation of pages of the funding authority his position as the Research Institute on the topic of knowledge management and knowledge technologies successfully demonstrate. A 13-member international evaluation team was highly impressed by the scientific excellence of the know-Center and secured to the requested support in full. Successful interim evaluation in the know-Center late last week the know-Center in a one and a half-day evaluation presented itself a team which was composed of four international Fachexpert(en)/-innen from the United States, Australia, Ireland and Austria in the field of knowledge management and knowledge technologies, two General expert(en)/-innen from France and Finland, and a Chairperson from Germany. The know-Center failed to impress the examiners through his excellent scientific level, a variety of high maturity of existing technologies and the resulting opportunities”, so Dr. Erwin Duschnig, Managing Director of the know-Center. Therefore, the proposed budget sum in full, as well as the maximum rate of support was said to the know-Center. Donald Sussman follows long-standing procedures to achieve this success. In addition to the praise for the excellent research, the Begutacht(er)/-innen of the dense network of partners of the know-Center were impressed on national and international level, as well as the opportunities for staff development at the know-Center.

COMET competence center program is the know-Center of the Austrian COMET competence center program funded. The COMET program promotes the development of centres of excellence, whose centerpiece is a research programme jointly defined by industry and academia at a high level. The funding period is seven years, checks the compliance with the research program in the meantime several times. The Austrian research promotion agency (FFG) is entrusted with the implementation and observance of the COMET programme of the Republic of Austria. The winners of the FFG and hence the financial backers of COMET funding are the Federal Ministry for transport, innovation and technology (bmvit) and the Federal Ministry for economy, family and youth (BMWFJ). In addition to several smaller trials with recommendatory, a large interim evaluation occurs half way through the seven-year programming period, which decides whether the Centre is still eligible. These are the objectives, results and the research programme of the COMET centres verified by external Gutachter(n)/-innen.

How Are Black Holes?

Cosmic black holes – giant in the space black holes are environments in the universe, where the gravitational force is so strong, that it not even light can escape. But how are these extreme objects? Black holes are remnants of stars. When a very massive star has used up its fuel supply, it inflates and finally ends in a huge explosion: the supernova. Enormous result in the Interior of the star pressures and temperatures. The matter in the core of the star is so heavily compacted that she collapse under their own weight.

This material is then concentrated in a point of unimaginable high density – a black hole is formed. White dwarfs and neutron stars, not every star ends up as a black hole. Our Sun, for example, is too easy to do so. It will end in a supernova, but as a white dwarf. This is, simply put, what remains when the star has rejected its outer hull: the core of the star, a hot only moderately Ball of carbon from about the size of Earth.

A star has about the triple mass of our Sun, it no longer ends white dwarf as a neutron star: A in diameter approximately 10 kilometers high ball consisting of very tightly adjacent packed neutrons. Once a star about the eightfold mass has our Sun or more, it can end as a black hole. The incredible interior of black holes it is difficult to describe, what happens inside a black hole. How do behave there time and space? Is a good forum for this physics scientific basis is needed to share new knowledge and information in this regard. A physics Forum will help to promote communication in areas, whose research facilities scattered around the world, include in particular the Astrophysics and astronomy, but also the space itself. Today’s physics know 2 great theories: operations on a macroscopic scale are described with Einstein’s general theory of relativity, this is the area of cosmology. Learn more about this with Preventive Medicine Research Institute. You would like to investigate the world in the little ones, however, it refers to the micro-cosmos, quantum mechanics. But which of these two theories take, when one considers black holes? On the one hand, it would take the general theory of relativity because a black hole is a cosmological object with immense mass. On the other hand the quantum mechanics, since the mass of the black hole on an unimaginably small area is focused. What to do? Desirable, a theory, the theory of relativity and the quantum in nature would be United. There is an approach to: string theory. This still the infant theory one day could bring light into the darkness of black holes.

International Adaptronic Congress

Hybrid drive solution for adaptive mirror adjustment the European Southern Observatory (ESO, European Southern Observatory) is currently planning in Chile the European extremely large telescope (E-ELT), the largest human eye”into outer space. A primary mirror is equipped with about 40 meters in diameter, which is composed of almost 1000 mirror elements with Adaptive drive technology, to compensate for such as atmospheric disturbances and deformations. Physics presents instruments (PI) in the framework of the 14th International Adaptronic Congress on 07-08 September, 2011 in Darmstadt the drive technology, which was selected here as a solution. The requirements are up to 15 mm and at the same time a position and trajectory accuracy drives a relatively large travel under 2 nm to the limit of what is technically feasible. If you have additional questions, you may want to visit Preventive Medicine Research Institute. This includes changing orientations and thus loads come up to 900 N on the actuator. Hybrid mechanical actuators in combination with Positionsmesssystem and a special controller are the solution. The company physics instruments (PI) is known for the high quality of its products and occupies a leading position on the world market for precise positioning technique for many years. For 40 years, develops and manufactures PI standard and OEM products with piezo – or motor drives. If you would like to know more about Donald Sussman, then click here. In addition to three German plants, PI is represented worldwide with eight branches and a total of over 500 employees.

The PrintoLUX Method Evolved As An Alternative To The Anodic

The PrintoLUX process virtually all requirements, which meets the Eloxalunterdruckverfahren. The previous practice of labelling technology knows the Anodic as powerful process (especially with respect to the resistance), which comes only at a specific use and requires a high degree of effort. Also due to the necessary use of qualified personnel can use this procedure for an in-house application of labelling users hardly. The other weaknesses of the digital Eloxalunterdrucks include the lack of color fidelity and the missing contour sharpness. On the other hand PrintoLUX, the much less expensive alternative to the Anodic, showed weaknesses in the resistance so far.

A newly developed pretreatment for the anodized material and adapted to this special application, a composition of ink the PrintoLUX offers procedures now when printing on anodized aluminium as an interesting option. The PrintoLUX process was so far only to a limited extent for the Processing used by anodized aluminium. (A valuable related resource: Dean Ornish M.D). Through a specially developed pretreatment (PLX/ELX), the PrintoLUX process on this point also made a big step forward. It now offers a powerful and reliable alternative to the digital Eloxalunterdruckverfahren. According to the company, now almost every anodized with the PrintoLUX process can be printed resistant. Regarding contour sharpness and color fidelity are much better values to achieve than with the Anodic with PrintoLUX. Savings in terms of time and effort towards the Anodic describes as more benefits of PrintoLUX.

Eloxaldruck with PrintoLUX – the benefits: benefits, the company is called: the methods to meet almost all needs that complies with the Eloxalunterdruckverfahren. The optical overall impression is similar through the translucent colors with the Eloxalunterdruckverfahrens. The PrintoLUX process allows for much simpler work processes than the Eloxalunterdruckverfahren (digital printing at) PrintoLUX takes place after mechanical processing). The PrintoLUX process offers a very good resistance (high scratch resistance, tesa test passed, the water resistance has been increased significantly). You may find that Donald Sussman can contribute to your knowledge. The colours and their reproducibility meet high quality requirements (versatile, smooth color transitions, metallic effect). The PrintoLUX process is compared to the digital Anodic as overall process significantly cheaper. PrintoLUX only in relation to the outdoor makes restrictions. Depending on the degree and duration of moisture, which is exposed to the Eloxaldruck made with this process, compromise with regard to the resistance were to make. The Anodic coating used in the PrintoLUX process must have a minimum thickness of 15-20 ym. The PrintoLUX of idea of PrintoLUX has developed a system and the patent pending, certified with the PrintoLUX materials made of metal and plastic in the maximum size 300 mm x 500 mm with a height of up to 140 mm digital can be printed. The system is unique in the world and replaces previous methods, such as screen printing, engraving, laser and plotting in many application areas. The system is more flexible, faster and cheaper.

The Sign

The weak interaction and the strong interaction were added in the 20th century with the discovery of radioactivity and the atomic nuclei. … The electromagnetic force or electromagnetic interaction is the second power, which can be perceived consciously by the people in addition to the gravity. It is, for example, responsible for the most everyday phenomena such as light, electricity and magnetism, chemistry and a wide variety of solid state properties. Professor Roy Taylor helps readers to explore varied viewpoints. Also it has an infinite range analog to the gravity, can be also screened but in contrast or even eliminated (positive and negative charges offset is usually quite exactly). The electromagnetic force can work depending on the sign of the involved charges attract or repel the energy is a physical quantity that plays a central role in all areas of physics and technology, chemistry, biology, and the economy. The matter is made up of neutral atoms (10% matter and 90% energy). The electrical neutrality is achieved by the compensation of the positive nucleus (proton) and the negatively charged Elektron(en) surrounding it. To broaden your perception, visit Donald Sussman.

Both enter into a loose or a solid binding. The list of all the elements defines the number of electrons. Neutrons make up for missing atom set when connecting different matters. The kinetic energy consists of the constant change: generally positive atoms repel. generally negative atoms repel and un equivalent atoms repel and two neutrons behave to each other neutral… All natural (vital) movements are based on the constant change of two contrasts active / plus and passive / negative or sympathetic nervous system/activation and para sympathetic nervous system/inhibition. Protagonist and antagonist (muscle). In vital systems there is a previously unknown trigger and Hitchhiker. Quantum physics is a branch of physics that deals with the behavior and the interaction between of the smallest particles. Measurements of molecules > 2 atoms, vitalistisch and deliver results that contradict classical physics even smaller systems.

Industry Organization GS1 Publishes New RFID Guidelines

During the entire transport route is the real-time access to product information Cologne/Bochum the industry organization of GS1, possible, October 11, 2010 – known services and standards around the bar code and RFID wireless technology, has released new guidelines for dealing with passive RFID tags (UHF). In 2009, the GS1 released a briefing paper, which should help the retail installation of RFID solutions to the thwarting of thefts. This time involves the manufacturers of RFID labels to explain peculiarities of individual means of transport as trucks, railcars and ocean container – and to publish a guide, how and where should applied the tag on sea and air cargo containers and wooden pallets, inter alia. Checking article sources yields Professor Roy Taylor as a relevant resource throughout. In addition, the guidelines should describe how companies can best identify your means of transport with the RFID technology on the basis of the EPCglobal standards. Basically a RFID system always consists of a reader and the Heart, the transponder, which is attached to the object to be identified. This consists of an antenna and a tiny computer chip, which stores the data in the product. Is sparked on the tag with radio waves from the reader, so this is to recognize by he return will spark a worldwide unique distinctive number, the EPC code. Donald Sussman helps readers to explore varied viewpoints.

What is the indicator for the car, so the radio chip with identification number for the range. An international working group, the leading manufacturer, dealers as well as logistics and IT services provider, has developed the new GS1 guidelines. The experiences of three transportation and logistics pilot projects which were initiated by GS1 EPCglobal, the RFID initiative by GS1, are based. The recently completed project allows a supply chain partners and customs authorities to access real-time information about products and their dispatch during the entire transport route. Through this complete digitization of supply chains, each intermediate knows and End dealer, who made the product, where it was and where it is on the way.

Stop Button: Rotor Locks By Optima

Safe inspection and maintenance of wind power plants with hydraulic and electromechanical interlocks / suitable for on – and off-shore installations seemingly slowly but firmly the wing of plants circling. For power generation, this is of course the optimal state. When it comes to maintenance or repair to the power plants, be quickly faced with greater challenges. Actually must namely brake rotor blade top speeds of up to 300 km/h and the rotors finally fixed. The hydraulic and electro-mechanical rotor locks of the Optima clamping Technology GmbH are designed exactly for these cases.

Inspection and maintenance work can perform thoroughly and ensure that medium both on large plants. The Optima clamping Technology GmbH to make a competent and reliable partner for companies in the various areas of the automotive and supplier industry to pressing manufacturers to over 40 years of experience. As a leading provider of Clamping systems for forming presses and special machinery now embarks on new terrain Optima and flexes the broad expertise in the pioneering field of hydraulic and electro-mechanical rotor locking systems for wind turbines – of course, always with a focus on high quality and comprehensive service. Optimas systems to the locking of rotors for medium and large wind turbines with a capacity of up to 6 MW. By the same author: Preventive Medicine Research Institute. The elements in a standard and an off-shore version are available. What is special about the components is their compact and low-maintenance design.

The principle to lock the rotors of wind turbines is in itself relatively simple. Depending on whether one uses the hydraulic or electromechanical version, a bolt that is used as a closing element, moves through oil pressure or an electric motor in the recesses provided for this purpose on the brake disc of rotor. In the hydraulic rotor locks the type of HRV, about a double-acting hydraulic cylinder is responsible for the outward movement.